Pemanfaatan Maltodextrin Singkong untuk Perekat Ramah Lingkungan dalam Pembuatan Papan Partikel dari Bagas Sorgum (Utilization of Cassava Maltodextrin for Eco-friendly Adhesive in the Manufacturing of Sorghum Bagasse Particleboard)

Authors

  • Jajang Sutiawan Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Dede Hermawan Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Sukma Surya Kusumah Pusat Penelitian Biomaterial Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia
  • Bernadeta Ayu Widyaningrum Pusat Penelitian Biomaterial Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia
  • Endang Sukara Pusat Penelitian Bioteknologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl28144-154

Abstract

The development of natural adhesives derived from non-fossil resources is very important for the future. This research aimed to develop natural adhesive from maltodextrin and compare it with other natural adhesives such as citric acid and malic acid for particleboard production. The effect of the adhesive raw materials on the physical and mechanical properties of the particleboards was investigated. The sweet sorghum and those natural adhesives were used in the manufacturing of particleboard. The resin content of the natural adhesive was 20 wt% base on air-dried particles. The dimension and density target of the boards were 30 x 30 x 0.9 cm3 and 0.8 g/cm3, respectively. The particleboards were prepared by hot pressing at 200°C for 10 min. The physical and mechanical properties of particleboards were evaluated based on Japanese Industrial Standard for particleboard (JIS A 5908-2003). The results showed that the density, moisture content, modulus of elasticity, and modulus of rupture met the requirements of the JIS A 5908-2003 standard, while the thickness swelling, water absorption, and internal bond did not meet the standard requirements. The results of FTIR analysis indicated the establishment of ester linkages due to the reaction between the natural adhesive and sorghum bagasse that contributed to the excellent physical and mechanical properties of the particleboard.

Keywords: cassava, maltodextrin, natural adhesive, particleboard, sweet sorghum

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chaturvedi, R., and Pappu, A. 2016. Performance of Formaldehyde Resins and Cement Bonded Particleboards and Understanding its Properties for further Advancement. International Journal of Waste Resources 6(2): 1–8. DOI: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000215
FAO. 2017. Annual Market Review 2016-2017-Forest Products. Rome, Italia.
FAS. 2020. World Agricultural Production. Washington DC.
Ferdosian, F., Pan, Z., Gao, G., and Zhao, B. 2017. Bio-Based Adhesives and Evaluation for Wood Composites Application. Polymers 9(2). DOI: 10.3390/polym9020070
Iswanto, A. H. 2014. Effect of Resin Type, Pressing Temperature and Time on Particleboard Properties made from Sorghum Bagasse. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 3(2): 62. DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140302.12
Iswanto, A. H., Azhar, I., Susilowati, A., and Ginting, A. 2016. Effect of Wood Shaving to Improve the Properties of Particleboard Made from Sorghum Bagasse. International Journal of Materials Science and Applications 5(2): 113–118. DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20160502.23
Khazaeian, A., Ashori, A., and Dizaj, M. Y. 2015. Suitability of Sorghum Stalk Fibers for Production of Particleboard. Carbohydrate Polymers 120: 15–21. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.12.001
KLHK. 2018. Data Perkembangan Deforestasi Tahun 1990-2017. Jakarta, Indonesia.
Kusumah, S. S., Arinana, A., Hadi, Y. S., Guswenrivo, I., Yoshimura, T., Umemura, K., Tanaka, S., and Kanayama, K. 2017a. Utilization of Sweet Sorghum Bagasse and Citric Acid in the Manufacturing of Particleboard. III: Influence of Adding Sucrose on the Properties of Particleboard. BioResources 12(4): 7498–7514. DOI: 10.15376/biores.12.4.7498-7514
Kusumah, S. S., Umemura, K., Guswenrivo, I., Yoshimura, T., and Kanayama, K. 2017b. Utilization of Sweet Sorghum Bagasse and Citric Acid for Manufacturing of Particleboard II: Influences of Pressing Temperature and Time on Particleboard Properties. Journal of Wood Science 63(2): 161–172. DOI: 10.1007/s10086-016-1605-0
Kusumah, S. S., Umemura, K., Yoshioka, K., Miyafuji, H., and Kanayama, K. 2016. Utilization of Sweet Sorghum Bagasse and Citric Acid for Manufacturing of Particleboard I: Effects of Pre-Drying Treatment and Citric Acid Content on the Board Properties. Industrial Crops and Products. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.01.042
Liao, R., Xu, J., and Umemura, K. 2016. Low Density Sugarcane Bagasse Particleboard Bonded with Citric Acid and Sucrose: Effect of Board Density and Additive Content. BioResources 11(1): 2174–2185. DOI: 10.15376/biores.11.1.2174-2185
Melliawati, R., and Nuryati, N. 2019. Production of Complex Amylase Enzymes from Aspergillus Awamori KT-11. Its Application to Hydrolyze Cassava and Taro Starch. Bioscience 3(2): 95. DOI: 10.24036/0201932106105-0-00
Miyafuji, H., Yoshioka, K., Kanayama, K., Umemura, K., and Kusumah, S. S. 2016. Utilization of Sweet Sorghum Bagasse and Citric Acid for Manufacturing of Particleboard I: Effects of Pre-Drying Treatment and Citric Acid Content on the Board Properties. Industrial Crops and Products Elsevier B.V. 84: 34–42. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.01.042
Pabendon, M. B., Sarungallo, R., and Mas’ud, S. 2012. Pemanfaatan Nira Batang, Bagas, dan Biji Sorgum Manis sebagai Bahan Baku Bioetanol. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 31(3): 180–187. DOI: 10.21082/jpptp.v31n3.2012.p%25p
Salem, M. Z. M., and Böhm, M. 2013. Understanding of Formaldehyde Emissions from Solid Wood: An Overview. BioResources 8(3): 4775–4790. DOI: 10.15376/biores.8.3.4775-4790
Santoso, M., Widyorini, R., Agus Prayitno, T., and Sulistyo, J. 2016. The Effects of Extractives Substances for Bonding Performance of Three Natural Binder on Nipa Fronds Particleboard. KnE Life Sciences 4(11): 227. DOI: 10.18502/kls.v4i11.3868
Santoso, M., Widyorini, R., Prayitno, T. A., and Sulistyo, J. 2017. Bonding Performance of Maltodextrin and Citric Acid for Particleboard made from Nipa Fronds. Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology. DOI: 10.5658/WOOD.2017.45.4.432
Sulastiningsih, I. M., Indrawan, D. A., Balfas, J., and Santoso, A. 2017. Sifat Fisis dan Mekanis Papan Untai Berarah dari Bambu Tali (Gigantochloa apus (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Kurz) Bamboo (Gigantochloa apus (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Kurz). 35(3): 197–209. DOI: 10.20886/jphh.2017.35.3.197-209
Umemura, K., Sugihara, O., and Kawai, S. 2013. Investigation of a New Natural Adhesive Composed of Citric Acid and Sucrose for Particleboard. Journal of Wood Science 59(3): 203–208. DOI: 10.1007/s10086-013-1326-6
Umemura, K., Sugihara, O., and Kawai, S. 2014. Investigation of a New Natural Adhesive Composed of Citric Acid and Sucrose for Particleboard II: Effects of Board Density and Pressing Temperature. Journal of Wood Science 61(1): 40–44. DOI: 10.1007/s10086-014-1437-8
Widyorini, R., Umemura, K., Isnan, R., Putra, D. R., Awaludin, A., and Prayitno, T. A. 2016. Manufacture and Properties of Citric Acid-Bonded Particleboard made from Bamboo Materials. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products. DOI: 10.1007/s00107-015-0967-0
Widyorini, R., Umemura, K., Kusumaningtyas, A. R., and Prayitno, T. A. 2017. Effect of Starch Addition on Properties of Citric Acid-Bonded Particleboard made from Bamboo. BioResources 12(4): 8068–8077. DOI: 10.15376/biores.12.4.8068-8077
Zhang, J., Song, F., Tao, J., Zhang, Z., and Shi, S. Q. 2018. Research Progress on Formaldehyde Emission of Wood-Based Panel. International Journal of Polymer Science 2018. DOI: 10.1155/2018/9349721

Downloads

Published

11-05-2020

How to Cite

Sutiawan, J., Hermawan, D., Kusumah, S. S., Widyaningrum, B. A., & Sukara, E. (2020). Pemanfaatan Maltodextrin Singkong untuk Perekat Ramah Lingkungan dalam Pembuatan Papan Partikel dari Bagas Sorgum (Utilization of Cassava Maltodextrin for Eco-friendly Adhesive in the Manufacturing of Sorghum Bagasse Particleboard). Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 8(2), 144–154. https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl28144-154

Issue

Section

Articles

Statistics

 Abstract views: 141 times
 PDF downloaded: 0 times

Metrics