Analisis Rendemen Minyak Serehwangi (Cymbopogon nardus L.) yang Ditanam dengan Pola Agroforestri dan Monokultur pada Lahan Revegetasi Pasca Tambang Batubara (Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus L.) Oil Yield Analysis Planted with Agroforestry and Monoculture Patterns on Post-Coal Mining Revegetation Land)

Authors

  • Anna Juliarti Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, IPB University
  • Nurheni Wijayanto Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, IPB University
  • Irdika Mansur Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, IPB University
  • Trikoesoemaningtyas Trikoesoemaningtyas Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl28181-188

Abstract

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus L.) is an economically valuable plant that produces citronella oil and could grow on marginal lands. This study aimed to analyze citronella oil yields planted with agroforestry and monoculture patterns in a post-mining revegetation area. The treatment consisted of 3 factors, namely planting pattern, fertilizer dosage, and plant spacing. The measured variable was the citronella oil yield. The study was conducted by planting two lemongrass varieties i.e., Sitrona 2 Agribun Variety dan G2 Variety in the agroforestry and monoculture areas. The study was conducted for 12 months with three harvest times, i.e., in the 6th, 9th, and 12th months. The results showed that planting patterns significantly affected the citronella oil yield. Planting pattern of Monoculture-Sitrona 2 Agribun Variety (P4) produced the highest oil yield (1.95%). Plant spacing and dosage of bokashi fertilizer did not significantly affect the citronella oil yield. The Monoculture-Sitrona 2 Agribun Variety (P4) significantly increased the oil yield compared to the Agroforestry- Sitrona 2 Agribun Variety (P2), Monoculture-G2 Variety (P3), and Agroforestry-G2 Variety (P1) with a respective oil yield of 1.95% (P4), 1.50% (P2), 1.01% (P3), and 0.99% (P1). Sitrona 2 Agribun Variety tended to produce a higher oil yield than the G2 Variety.

Keywords: agroforestry, citronella oil, lemongrass, oil yield, revegetation

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References

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Published

11-05-2020

How to Cite

Juliarti, A., Wijayanto, N., Mansur, I., & Trikoesoemaningtyas, T. (2020). Analisis Rendemen Minyak Serehwangi (Cymbopogon nardus L.) yang Ditanam dengan Pola Agroforestri dan Monokultur pada Lahan Revegetasi Pasca Tambang Batubara (Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus L.) Oil Yield Analysis Planted with Agroforestry and Monoculture Patterns on Post-Coal Mining Revegetation Land). Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 8(2), 181–188. https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl28181-188

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