Ergonomic Analysis of Traditional Pine Oleoresin Tapping: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Cumulative Fatigue, and Job Satisfaction

Authors

  • Efi Yuliati Yovi Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University
  • Nadya Amanda Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl38283-296

Abstract

Pine oleoresin is a valuable non-timber forest product commodity in Indonesia. A traditional tapping using small-sized hoes ("kadukul" in Sundanese or "pethel" in Javanese) are widely applied. Given the protection of occupational safety and health is a worker's right, various ergonomic issues were discussed in this study. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) was examined by using Standardized Nordic Questionnaire and Wong-Baker Pain Rating Scale instruments, physical-mental-social fatigue was measured by Cumulative Fatigue Symptoms Index (CFSI), and job satisfaction was tested from eight variables such as wage, employment status, accessibility, health service, living facilities, work equipment, training, and social facility. This study revealed that most of the workers suffered from intense MSDs in the shoulder, arm, wrist, hand, thigh, calf, and foot (mostly right body side). This finding was in line with the CFSI analysis.  The common fatigue symptoms suffered by the workers were in the category of the physical dimension, such as in sub-dimensions of general fatigue, chronics fatigue, and physical disorder. The job satisfaction analysis confirmed that two variables, i.e., wage and employment status, influenced job satisfaction significantly in a positive association. Proper personal protective equipment and workaid, working techniques improvement that meets occupational safety and health standard, and safety behavior incentive should be considered as effective strategies in improving the worker's safety and health protection.

Keywords: forest harvesting, forestry worker, non-timber forest product, physical fatigue, safety

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arshadi, N., and Damiri, H. 2013. The Relationship of Job Stress with Turnover Intention and Job Performance: Moderating Role of OBSE. in: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 706–710. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.631
Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K., and Iverson, R. D. 2003. High-Quality Work, Job Satisfaction, and Occupational Injuries. The Journal of applied psychology 88(2): 276–283. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.88.2.276
Bhattacharya, A. 2014. Costs of Occupational Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the United States. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 44(3): 448–454. DOI: 10.1016/j.ergon.2014.01.008
BPS. 2011. Statistics of Forest Concesion Estate 2010. BPS (Statistics Indonesia), Jakarta, Indonesia.
BPS. 2016. Statistics of Forest Concesion Estate 2015. BPS (Statistics Indonesia), Jakarta, Indonesia.
BPS. 2018. Statistics of Forest Concesion Estate 2017. BPS (Statistics Indonesia), Jakarta, Indonesia.
Chaffin, D. B., Andersson, G. B. J., and Martin, B. J. 2006. Occupational Biomechanics, 4th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
Chen, J., Mu, X., and Du, F. 2017. Biomechanics Analysis of Human Lower Limb During Walking for Exoskeleton Design. Journal of Vibroengineering 19(7): 5527–5539. DOI: 10.21595/jve.2017.18459
Collins, J. D., and O’Sullivan, L. W. 2015. Musculoskeletal Disorder Prevalence and Psychosocial Risk Exposures by Age and Gender in A Cohort of Office Based Employees in Two Academic Institutions. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 46: 85–97. DOI: 10.1016/j.ergon.2014.12.013
Cunningham, A. 2012. Pine Resin Tapping Techniques Used Around the World. in: Pine Resin: Biology, Chemistry and Applications A. G. Fett-Neto and K. C. S. Rodrigues-Corrêa, eds. Research Signpost, Kerala, India 1–8.
Ferguson, S. A., Allread, W. G., Le, P., Rose, J., and Marras, W. S. 2013. Shoulder Muscle Fatigue During Repetitive Tasks as Measured by Electromyography and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Human Factors 55(6): 1077–1087. DOI: 10.1177/0018720813482328
Forsythe, A. M., and Venter, C. 2019. Behavioral Economics, Motivating Psycho-Education Improvements: A Mobile Technology Initiative in South Africa. Frontiers in Psychology 10: 1560. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01560
Garra, G., Singer, A. J., Taira, B. R., Chohan, J., Cardoz, H., Chisena, E., and Thode, C. H. J. 2010. Validation of the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale in Pediatric Emergency Department Patients. Academic Emergency Medicine 17(1): 50–54. DOI: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00620.x
Guan, W. J., Zheng, X. Y., Chung, K. F., and Zhong, N. S. 2016. Impact of Air Pollution on the Burden of Chronic Respiratory Diseases in China: Time for Urgent Action. The Lancet 388(10054): 1939–1951. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31597-5
Gyekye, A. S. 2005. Workers Perceptions of Workplace Safety and Job Satisfaction. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics 11(3): 291–302. DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2005.11076650
Hansen, C. D., Rasmussen, K., Kyed, M., Nielsen, K. J., and Andersen, J. H. 2012. Physical and Psychosocial Work Environment Factors and Their Association with Health Outcomes in Danish Ambulance Personnel - A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Public Health 12(534): 13. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-534
Hrymak, V., and Pérezgonzález, J. D. 2007. The Costs and Effects of Workplace Accidents Twenty Case Studies from Ireland. Health and Safety Authority, Ireland.
Huysamen, K., de Looze, M., Bosch, T., Ortiz, J., Toxiri, S., and O’Sullivan, L. W. 2018. Assessment of an Active Industrial Exoskeleton to Aid Dynamic Lifting and Lowering Manual Handling Tasks. Applied Ergonomics 68: 125–131. DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2017.11.004
Kahraman, T., Genç, A., and Göz, E. 2016. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation Into Turkish Assessing its Psychometric Properties. Disability and Rehabilitation 38(21): 2153–2160. DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1114034
Karwowski, W., and Marras, W. S. 2003. Occupational Ergonomics: Principles of Work Design. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Kosugo, R., and Fujii, H. 1987. An Index for Rating Cumulative Fatigue Symptoms (CFSI) in Different Occupations. Journal Science of Labour 63(5): 229–246.
Kosugo, R., Fujii, H., and Hirata, A. 1992. Subjective Assessment of Workload. (1). Revision of the Cumulative Fatigue Symptoms Index. Journal Science of Labour 68(10): 489–502.
Kroemer, K., and Grandjean, E. 1997. Fitting the Task to the Human, Fifth Edition. CRC Press, London, UK. DOI: 10.1201/b16825
Kumar, S. 2001. Theories of Musculoskeletal Injury Causation. Ergonomics 44(1): 17–47. DOI: 10.1080/00140130120716
Kuorinka, I., Jonsson, B., Kilbom, A., Vinterberg, H., Biering-Sørensen, F., Andersson, G., and Jørgensen, K. 1987. Standardised Nordic Questionnaires for the Analysis of Musculoskeletal Symptoms. Applied Ergonomics 18(3): 233–237. DOI: 10.1016/0003-6870(87)90010-X
Lindroos, O., and Burström, L. 2010. Accident Rates and Types Among Self-Employed Private Forest Owners. Accident Analysis and Prevention 42(6): 1729–1735. DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2010.04.013
López-Aragón, L., López-Liria, R., Callejón-Ferre, ángel J., and Gómez-Galán, M. 2017. Applications of the Standardized Nordic Questionnaire: A Review. Sustainability 1514: 1514. DOI: 10.3390/su9091514
Michie, S., van Stralen, M. M., and West, R. 2011. The Behaviour Change Wheel: A New Method for Characterising and Designing Behaviour Change Interventions. Implementation Science 6(42). DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-6-42
Neu, D., Kajosch, H., Peigneux, P., Verbanck, P., Linkowski, P., and Le Bon, O. 2011. Cognitive Impairment in Fatigue and Sleepiness Associated Conditions. Psychiatry Research Elsevier 189(1): 128–134. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2010.12.005
NIOSH. 2018. Hierarchy of Control. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). <https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/hierarchy/default.html>.
Potočnik, I., Pentek, T., and Poje, A. 2009. Severity Analysis of Accidents in Forest Operations. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 30(2): 171–184.
Probst, T. M., and Brubaker, T. L. 2001. The Effects of Job Insecurity on Employee Safety Outcomes: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Explorations. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 6(2): 139–159. DOI: 10.1037//1076-8998.6.2.139
Sakka, S., Chablat, D., Ma, R., and Bennis, F. 2015. Predictive Model of the Human Muscle Fatigue: Application to Repetitive Push-Pull Tasks with Light External Load. International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation 5(1): 81–97. DOI: 10.1504/ijhfms.2015.068124
Shobe, K. 2018. Productivity Driven by Job Satisfaction, Physical Work Environment, Management Support and Job Autonomy. Business and Economics Journal 9(2): 1–9. DOI: 10.4172/2151-6219.1000351
Strahan, C., Watson, B., and Lennonb, A. 2008. Can Organisational Safety Climate and Occupational Stress Predict Work-Related Driver Fatigue? Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 11(6): 418–426. DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2008.04.002
Tsioras, P. A., Rottensteiner, C., and Stampfer, K. 2014. Wood Harvesting Accidents in the Austrian State Forest Enterprise 2000-2009. Safety Science 62: 400–408. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2013.09.016
Wiegmann, D., Faaborg, T., Boquet, A., Detwiler, C., Holcomb, K., and Shappell, S. 2005. Human Error and General Aviation Accidents: A Comprehensive, Fine-Grained Analysis Using HFACS. Washington, DC.
Yoshimura, T., and Acar, H. H. 2004. Occupational Safety and Health Conditions of Forestry Workers in Turkey. Journal of Forest Research 9(3): 225–232. DOI: 10.1007/s10310-004-0078-y
Yovi, E., Takimoto, Y., Ichihara, K., and Matsubara, C. 2005. Factors Affecting Workload and Work Efficiency in Pine Resin Harvesting Operations in Java’s Plantation Forests. Journal of The Japan Forest Engineering Society 20(3): 141–150. DOI: 10.18945/jjfes.KJ00007485372
Yovi, E. Y. 2019. Status Ergonomi Pekerja Sektor Kehutanan di Indonesia: Kelelahan Fisik-Mental-Sosial, Kepuasan Kerja, Konsep Sumber Bahaya, dan Konsep Biaya Kecelakaan. Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan 13(2): 137–150. DOI: 10.22146/jik.52140
Yovi, E. Y., and Andriyani, L. E. 2019. Analisis Postur Kerja dalam Operasi Pemanenan Kayu: Pemuatan Log Secara Manual. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri 18(2): 170–182. DOI: 10.23917/jiti.v18i2.8727
Yovi, E. Y., and Prajawati, W. 2015. High Risk Posture on Motor-Manual Short Wood Logging System in Acacia mangium Plantation. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (Journal of Tropical Forest Management) 21(1): 11–18. DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.21.1.11
Yovi, E. Y., and Yamada, Y. 2015. Strategy to Disseminate Occupational Safety and Health Information to Forestry Workers: The Felling Safety Game. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 27(2): 213–221.
Yovi, E. Y., and Yamada, Y. 2019. Addressing Occupational Ergonomics Issues in Indonesian Forestry: Laborers, Operators, or Equivalent Workers. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 40(2): 351–363. DOI: 10.5552/crojfe.2019.558

Downloads

Published

28-09-2020

How to Cite

Yovi, E. Y., & Amanda, N. (2020). Ergonomic Analysis of Traditional Pine Oleoresin Tapping: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Cumulative Fatigue, and Job Satisfaction. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 8(3), 283–296. https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl38283-296

Issue

Section

Articles

Statistics

 Abstract views: 464 times
 PDF downloaded: 288 times

Metrics