Microfibril Angles and Crystalline Properties of Reaction Woods in Agathis and Sumatran Pine Woods
The microfibril angles (MFAs), relative crystallinity index (RC), and crystallite width (CrW) of compression wood (CPW), lateral wood (LTW), and opposite wood (OPW) in Agathis (Agathis loranthifolia) and Sumatran Pine (Pinus merkusii) stem wood were observed and compared to obtain valuable information on wood quality for effective utilization. The iodine staining method and optical microscopy were applied to measure the MFA in the tangential section. RC and CrW were analyzed with an X-ray diffraction technique. CPW had the largest MFA and the smallest RC in both species. In Agathis, LTW and OPW had comparable MFA, RC, and CrW, whereas the CrW of CPW was the smallest. In Sumatran pine, there was a significant difference in MFA and RC between LTW and OPW. CPW, LTW, and OPW showed comparable CrW. The MFA decreased and RC increased from near the pith to bark in both species. The CrW increased from near the pith to the bark of Sumatran pine, whereas it was constant in Agathis. In conclusion, MFA and RC could be used to identify CPW, LTW, and OPW in both species. There were distinctive MFA and RC properties between reaction wood in both species.
Keywords: Agathis loranthifolia, crystalline properties, microfibril angles, Pinus merkusii, reaction wood
How to Cite
PDF downloaded: 22 times
Copyright (c) 2023 Byantara Darsan Purusatama, Fauzi Febrianto, Wahyu Hidayat, Nam Hun Kim
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Licence that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).