Phytochemical Profile of Rhizophora apiculata, Bruguiera gymnorhiza, and Bruguiera cylindrica for Wood Identification

Authors

  • Andianto Research Center for Biosystematics and Evolution, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN); Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University
  • Imam Wahyudi Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University
  • Rita Kartika Sari Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University; Advanced Research Laboratory, IPB University
  • Gustan Pari Research Center for Biomass and Bioproducts, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN)
  • Yanico Hadi Prayogo Department of Forest Products, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl.v12i2.884

Abstract

Identification of wood species that are difficult to distinguish from their anatomical structure can be done through phytochemical (extractive substance) profiling. This research aimed to analyze the phytochemical profile as a sorter for three species of mangrove wood from Indramayu and Cilacap Regencies, Indonesia, using the liquid chromatography-mass spectrum. The phytochemical markers of taxonomic were the dominant compounds only found in one wood species. The results showed that the three types of wood are dominated by phytochemicals dissolved in ethanol. The results of LCMS analysis of the ethanol extract showed that the phytochemical markers were triterpenoid, flavonoid, and fatty acyls glycoside groups for Rhizophora apiculata, steroid and naphthalene groups for Bruguiera gymnorhiza, and alkaloid as well as fatty amide group for Bruguiera cylindrica. The dominant compounds that characterize these can be used in sorting between mangrove wood species.

Keywords: characterizer, compound, mangrove, phytochemicals

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Published

11-05-2024

How to Cite

Andianto, Wahyudi, I., Sari, R. K., Pari, G., & Prayogo, Y. H. (2024). Phytochemical Profile of Rhizophora apiculata, Bruguiera gymnorhiza, and Bruguiera cylindrica for Wood Identification. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 12(2), 435–444. https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl.v12i2.884

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